herpes – causes and treatments

It’s Just a Cold Sore

There it is, a small, round blister on the edge of the mouth. It seems like it might be a pimple, but you can’t be sure. So on goes the acne cream, the lip balm and a plethora of home remedies that serve more to placate the sufferer than actually cure the ailment, which is the dreaded cold sore. While it is a small thing really, to the sufferer, it stands out like a boulder, impeding your daily progress with worry and inattentiveness as your mind is fixated on the small, round blister. The embarrassment does more damage than the cold sore itself, so a little education can go a long way toward alleviating both the cold sore and the stigma. A visit to your local dentist is probably a very good starting point.

Picture of various types of herpes



Cold Sore Causes

Cold sores, or fever blisters, are generally caused by the herpes simplex 1 virus, although simplex 2 can also cause cold sores. Anyone can get a cold sore; it simply requires contact with the virus and a mucous membrane, or through a compromised area of the skin, such as cut or chapped lips. A cold sore is an area on the mouth that has become ulcerated as a result of the infection. They are normally round with a deep red center. It is important to have a proper diagnosis, either from your dentist or your GP, so proper treatment can begin.

Cold sores can last for up to twelve days and are highly contagious when active. Simplex 1 will infect cells that are exposed through cuts or chapped lips. Once the infection has passed, the virus resides in the skin’s nerves’ spinal dorsal root in its latent stage. When it becomes active it will travel back to the site of the original infection where it is capable of causing new lesions. When the virus is latent, it is much less capable of causing infection. An active lesion or cold sore will be contagious for 7-12 days where it becomes extremely infectious. A lesion without treatment can last as long as three weeks.

The virus can be triggered by hormones, stress, and trauma to the area. Sometimes the virus becomes active without any apparent precipitating factor.

Removing the Stigma

The best way to abolish the stigma connected to having the herpes virus is through education. Firstly, genital herpes is not caused by the same herpes virus that causes cold sores. While they are both herpes viruses, cold sores are mostly caused by herpes simplex 1, while genital herpes is caused by simplex 2. Although it is possible for simplex 2 to infect other areas of the body, its mode of transmission is through direct mucosal membrane contact. As people begin to understand that cold sores can’t cause, nor are they a result of genital herpes, the less stigma will be attached to the virus.

Secondly, most people are infected with herpes simplex 1 already. One estimate sites that up to 80% of the UK population is infected, however, simply because the virus is in the body does not mean it will cause a cold sore. Some people never have an outbreak, others will have only one, but a segment of the population will succumb to multiple outbreaks. While cold sores cannot be cured, they can be treated, and in some cases prevented.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Clinical lab analysis and testing can be done on cold sores. These tests may include PCR to identify the virus. Your dentist or doctor can swab an active lesion to test for the presence of herpes simplex 1.

Because the cold sore is viral in origin, treatment should include anti-viral medications. Some patients take medications like Aciclovir, which is considered an antiviral medication and interferes with the replication process of the virus. Some patients who suffer severe outbreaks take this medication on a daily basis to prevent cold sore episodes, others take it only when they feel an outbreak coming on or when they actually have an active lesion. There are also anti-viral creams that can be used to reduce the duration of an outbreak.

To reduce embarrassment, online treatments can be found for conditions such as genital herpes on www.drfelix.co.uk an online pharmacy , a secure online treatment portal, so that hopefully minimizes any social stigma. In effect, no-one need ever know you are treating the virus, ensuring your total privacy. If you are taking Aciclovir then the dose will normally be 200mg five times a day for five days. If you are prescribed Valaciclovir, it is a usually a one gram dose taken three times a day for seven days and for those taking Famciclovir, the dose is on 500mg tablet once a day for three days.

Why choose a career as a dental nurse

There are many good reasons to choose a career as a dental nurse. Not only is this profession an interesting way to earn a living, but it is also a rewarding way to help individuals and families learn how to stay healthy and happy. Thanks to Dr Amit Pabari – an Invisalign practitioner in Stourbridge, for his input to this post.

Duties and Responsibilities

The duties of dental nurses can vary. It oftentimes depends on the particular needs of the dentist, dental office or hospital. Keeping that in mind, two important responsibilities dental nurses often provide are offering patients teeth cleaning services and providng them with preventive care strategies. In addition, since some people find a trip to the dentist’s office a bit stressful, patient management skills are critical. If that is the case, dental nurses can help make sure patients feel calm, comfortable and secure. Other duties might include taking x-rays, applying sealants, and administering anesthesia. If a patient needs stitches or sutures removed, a dental nurse will possess the skills to do that as well. Dental nurses support dentists in all phases of dentistry practices, which could mean anything from cleaning and readying instruments to mixing filling materials. Sometimes dental nurses even help run the office by making appointments, filling out paperwork and accepting payments.

Training and Education

Academic training is usually not required to work as a trainee dental nurse. However, if you want to become a certified dental nurse and advance in this career, you will need to take formal, accredited classes and graduate from an approved dental nursing program. These programs are operated by various dental hospitals, colleges other training groups. You must also be registered with the General Dental Council, an organization which regulates dentists and dental care professionals.

Career Prospects and Opportunities

Dental nurses can find employment opportunities in places such as general practices, hospitals, community programs and the armed forces. After gaining additional experience, training and education, many dental nurses go on to find satisfying careers as orthodontic therapists, dental therapists or dental health practitioners. Many dental nurses find that joining professional organizations, such as the British Association of Dental Nurses, can help them explore and advance their careers since they can provide advanced educational services, conferences, career centers, and networking opportunities.

A new design system for cosmetic dentistry

Digital Smile Design – A pioneeting new system

The way that a cosmetic dentist may design a patient’s smile has fundamentally changed. Technology has refined the process of creating a smile that works best for each patient. Dr. Jameel Gardee is proud to one of the first dentists in Scotland to offer a new system called Digital Smile Design (DSD). By using software that displays static images and videos, Dr. Gardee can help patients to attain the smiles of their dreams. This innovative system relies on a multipurpose concept that enables a dental team to integrate various aspects of dentistry, in order to produce the desired results for patients. Many patients today want more than teeth that are healthy and functional. Cosmetic dentistry has provided a new world of possibilities for dentists and patients, and the DSD system helps everyone involved to explore those possibilities.

How (DSD) Helps Dentists and Patients to Overcome Common Challenges

The DSD system was developed to help dentists overcome some of the daily challenges they may face on a regular basis. One of these challenges is to improve the design of a smile by complementing a person’s natural facial structure. Making changes to a smile requires much attention to detail, and DSD serves as an invaluable tool during that process. DSD can help a dentist to improve the efficiency of achieving a patient’s goals and visual treatments like veneers and dental implants.

Another challenge of cosmetic dentistry is implementing organized communication in regard to the enhancement or reconstruction process. The members of a dental team must communicate with each other effectively, and the DSD system provides a way to do that. This means that a team may maximize its resources, ultimately saving time and money on the part of both the team and its patients.

Communicating with patients is another benefit that the DSD system affords. By communicating more effectively with patients, a dentist may convey what is possible for them in relation to the services they wish to receive. When patients are better able to understand the process of cosmetic dentistry as a whole and how it relates to their needs, they can make more informed decisions about treatment.

The Main Benefits of DSD

Perhaps the top benefit of DSD for patients is that the system helps them to attain the smiles they truly wish to have. All smiles are unique, and the system enables advanced customization for every patient. Dentists are able to use the system to provide patients with the smiles that look the best and the most natural for them. Because focus is placed on health, hygiene, and cosmetic appeal, patients are ultimately given more comprehensive treatment overall.

The DSD process benefits both dental professionals and their patients. The system makes the process of dentistry easier to implement and more efficient than methods that have been used previously. With the help of Digital Smile Design and Dr. Jameel Gardee, patients can get the beautiful, healthy smiles they want.

Source: http://www.digitalsmiledesign.com/doctors/us/home

The magic of dental veneers

For many years now, dental veneers have been used to create the ultimate smile makeover. It is possible to transform crooked, stained, damaged or badly worn teeth into a brand-new straight white smile using dental veneers.


So what exactly are dental veneers?

Many dentists describe dental veneers as being the same for your teeth as false fingernails are for your hands. Veneers can be porcelain, ceramic, or made from composite bonding material. Veneers are wafer thin laminates or shells of tooth-coloured material and are cemented to the front surface of teeth to improve their cosmetic appearance.

What treatments or problems are veneers used for?

Here are some of the reasons why patients ought for treatment with dental veneers:

Stained teeth

Badly stained teeth that cannot be improved by teeth whitening or prophyflex treatments can be greatly improved by dental veneers.  In this case the veneers are used to simply cover any existing stains on your teeth. This is a very quick and relatively inexpensive procedure.

Damaged teeth

Teeth that have become badly worn through excessive grinding or indeed teeth that have been damaged by the continued and excessive consumption of carbonated drinks over a number of years can be hidden using veneers.  Also teeth that have been chipped or broken can also benefit from veneers. A small chip on a tooth can be quickly repaired using composite bonding also known as composite veneers. A single damaged tooth can also be easily repaired with a porcelain veneer that has the same characteristics and colouring as your natural teeth.


Spaces or gaps (known in dentistry as diastimas) between your teeth can easily be closed using dental veneers giving you a more uniform looking smile.

Crooked teeth

Veneers are not the ideal treatment for crooked teeth. In order to keep your natural teeth structure then orthodontics or Invisalign braces will probably be a better solution. However, such treatments can take up to a year or indeed longer. If however you teeth and not severely crooked then veneers placed over their front surface will give a straight and perfectly aligned looking smile. For this type of treatment, many people refer to veneers as “instant orthodontics” as you get a similar end result in a fraction of the time.

So which are better – composite veneers or porcelain veneers?

The most popular type of veneers is porcelain. Porcelain veneers offer a more durable alternative which is stronger than its composite counterpart. Composite veneers do not last as long as porcelain veneers and are prone to staining. Porcelain veneers also offer a more natural looking, translucent appearance. Whilst composite veneers cost less than porcelain veneers, they do not last as long and need replacing more often so,as a result, they could end up costing you more in the long run. Composite veneers are ideal for small chips, as this treatment preserves more of your natural tooth structure.

Dental Implants Information

Your dental implant questions answered

Each and every single year, millions of us take advantage of cosmetic dentistry procedures to completely overhaul and upgrade their smile.

And while there are all kinds of different procedures out there to help individuals do exactly that, a significant amount of people are opting to take advantage of dental implants do not only boost the overall appearance of their smile but also repair and restore the health of their teeth as well.

One of those rare cosmetic dentistry procedures that aren’t just an aesthetic solution, but instead a structural and health-based one as well, these are considered to be “wonder solutions” for a lot of people looking to boost their smile but also one that millions and millions of dentists absolutely love as well.

If you’re thinking about taking advantage of dental implants but aren’t sure of what they are, what their advantages and disadvantages are over other options, what the procedure is like to have them implanted, and how much they’re going to cost (amongst other questions), hopefully you’ll pay close attention to all of the details included below.

You’ll get answers to each and every one of those questions as well as a bunch more!

As always, if you are seriously interested in having each and every one of your dental implant questions tackled, if you’re going to want to speak with a dentist or dental professional in your area that can give you personalized answers for your specific situation.

In the meantime, though, check out all of the details we have for you below!

What exactly are dental implants?

Dental implants have been around for more than two decades, though they’ve never been quite as effective or as well made as they have been in the last five years.

Essentially a tooth replacement solution, dental implants are rock solid, incredibly durable, and provide for a ridiculously strong and reliable platform for full teeth to be affixed.

A lot of people believe that dental implants are false teeth themselves, and while they are a critical part of the false teeth or replacement teeth solution, the implants themselves are simply threaded metal rods or knobs that are implanted directly into an individual’s jaw.

Then, after a block of time has passed to allow for proper healing and any adjustments have been made, false teeth will be permanently affixed to that base, creating a completely seamless replacement that looks a lot better than any other option on the market today.

The beautiful thing about dental implants is that they offer such a picture-perfect replacement aesthetically, but there’s also a number of other serious benefits and advantages that they bring to the table.

What are the advantages of getting dental implants?

Obviously, we’ve already touched upon the fact that dental implants are far and away the most “lifelike” of all the tooth replacement solutions on the planet right now. They look EXACTLY like your teeth, and it’s going to be absolutely impossible for anyone (and we mean ANYONE) to know that you’ve had dental implants installed unless they are carefully examining your mouth with dental instruments.

And even then it’s not a surefire thing!

That’s how great they are at hiding a tooth or teeth replacement procedure!

At the same time though, here are a couple of other major benefits and significant advantages that dental implants afford you:

You won’t ever have to worry about any speech problems caused by “new teeth” your mouth isn’t used to because of poor fit

You’re going to be a lot more comfortable with dental implants because they fit in the same footprint as your old tooth or teeth, taking up no extra space

They’re going to give you full confidence when you’re chewing and eating because they are basically a 1:1 to through placement

They’ll boost your self-esteem dramatically, as they will immediately increase the aesthetics and appearance of your smile (especially since you can customize your smile with these replacements)

They’ll last for decades – or even longer – with proper care and regular cleaning

They’ll never pop out of your mouth accidentally, and you’ll never have to worry about losing them, because they are permanently affixed just like you are traditional teeth are

And that’s just the tip of the iceberg!

When you combine those advantages with the fact that dental implants also help to protect the teeth that are still in your head and support the overall structure of your jaw, you’re talking about a winning solution here.

Honestly, you’d have to be at least a little bit crazy not to take advantage of legitimate dental implant solutions if you ever need to upgrade your smile, replaced teeth that are on their way out, or fill in the gaps of teeth that have already been removed.

This kind of dental procedure is just head and shoulders above all others.

Are there any disadvantages to dental implants?

There are a couple of drawbacks to moving forward with dental implantation procedures, but none of them deal breakers in any way whatsoever.

Sometimes (not always, but sometimes) a dental implant procedure won’t “seat” the way it’s supposed to, and will require a removal and replacement before a permanent tooth can be affixed. This can increase the amount of time that you are dealing with a “flapper” – or removable tooth that fills in the gap while your post is healing, but other than that it’s not really a big deal.

Also, dental implants can get a little bit pricey – but only really if you’re going with the older and more outdated “full post” solutions. Today, micro dental implants cut the cost of this procedure dramatically, while at the same time ridiculously shortening your recovery period.

If you decide to go with dental implants, make sure that you ask your dental professional if you’re going to be able to take advantage of micro implants.

What exactly does this process of dental implantation involve?

Well, each dental implantation procedure will be different on a case-by-case basis (for obvious reasons), but the general path and process of implantation is relatively similar and straightforward across the board.

First of all, any teeth that need to be removed will be removed, and then those injuries will be allowed to heal for a block of time. Once the healing process is well underway, your jaw will be tested and inspected to make sure that it can support full size dental implants or micro implants, and once that is taken care of you’ll begin the process of actual implementation.

Drills will be brought in, small holes will be made in your jaw, and these implant posts will be “screwed in” to those holes so that it creates a locked in and seamless kind of solution. These posts will now act as the root of your teeth, and then (after a recovery period of a couple of weeks or so) you’ll have a permanent tooth installed on top of that post.

How much should I expect to pay for dental implants?

It’s absolutely impossible to predict with any accuracy exactly how much you’re going to have to pay for dental implants.

This kind of procedure varies widely from region to region, but also from office to office within the same regions.

If you’re looking to have this work done, you’re going to want to make sure that you speak to a number of cosmetic dental professionals in your area (as well as dental surgeons) to get a feel for the “going rate”, and then try to negotiate for the best deal.

As a general rule of thumb though, you can (and probably should) expect to spend anywhere between £1500 and £4000 or so per dental implant.

How do I find a certified professional to handle my dental implantation?

The best way to find a top-of-the-line professional in your area (or anywhere that you’re willing to travel) to perform this kind of dental work on you is to take advantage of all the power and leverage the Internet has to offer, specifically looking for leading cosmetic dentistry experts and dental surgeons that have a track record for successful procedures.

Spend a couple of hours researching different practices, looking at before and after shots, and really getting a feel for the options out there. Then, and only then, will you know whether or not you’ve made the right decision.

Is there anything else I need to know about this dental procedure?

At the end of the day, there are a lot of different options to help you dramatically improve your smile.

Make sure that you’re working with dental professionals you trust, respect, and have a lot of confidence in, and don’t be shy about outlining your expectations ahead of time to make sure that everyone is on the same page.

It also might be a good idea to lock up financing ahead of time (if you’ve needed), as financing through a dental office can get very, very pricey when the interest starts to add up.

All-On-4 Dental Implants Explained

What Are All on 4 Implants?

Getting a better smile has never been easier, no matter what kinds of problems you may be suffering from. That’s because medical technology has made more options available than ever before. So if you’ve wanted an improved smile in the past, but thought you weren’t a candidate, think again. Today, with the help of Dr David Cashel, an experienced Glasgow dental implantologist, let’s explore how All-on-4 implants could help you smile with more confidence.

How They Work

All-on-4 implants work like dentures, except that they provide a permanent solution. The teeth screw into your jaw, thereby assuring they’ll never pop out, a problem many denture wearers have to worry about regularly. Despite the fact that they screw into actual bone, they are a great solution for those who don’t have jaws that could otherwise receive implants. That’s because bone can be transplanted that then makes this area available once more.

Only four implants made from titanium are needed to then establish an entire custom bridge for the rest of the teeth. These “pillars” work to support all the other teeth you need for a full, beautiful smile.

A Permanent Solution

Again, one of the great things about using All-on-4 implants is that they provide permanent teeth that will always stay in place. This also means you can get back to brushing as you normally did prior to your dental concerns arising. No more dental glue, no more denture solution at night. Just use a toothbrush like your normally would and your new smile will beam just as bright as any other.

Comfortable Implants

Another big advantage is the fact that these dentures will not press down or otherwise rub up against your gums. Many people who wear dentures constantly complain about the way this application causes pain in their mouth. Ultimately, they find themselves having to choose between the smile they always wanted and constant discomfort. Unfortunately, this irritation is common to other solutions too.

But because of the way All-on-4 implants are installed, your gums feel no pain and after a little while, you’ll hardly know they’re there at all.

Won’t Interfere with Eating

For those who have worn dentures, mealtime can be more of a challenge than something to enjoy. Dentures can shift, allowing food to become stuck and trapped. They can also make it difficult to chew. Many people find that their dental work interferes with their ability to grasp the full taste of their food as well.

This doesn’t occur with All-on-4 implants though. In fact, you’ll experience the taste and even the temperature of your food just like everyone else does. Obviously, you never have to worry about food getting stuck below these permanent implants either.

They’re Not Just Good for Your Smile

With All-on-4 implants installed, you’ll have a hard time not constantly smiling throughout the day. But the nice thing is that the way these dentures are applied will also help your overall facial features too. They’ll be restored to the normal shape they had prior to losing any of your teeth. This will only serve to boost your confidence even more.

They’ll Prevent Bone Deterioration

Like we mentioned earlier, All-on-4 implants are a great way to get your smile back, even if you’ve had significant damage done to your jawbone over the years. Once they’re in, though, they’ll also help ensure that further deterioration doesn’t occur. You’ll find that these dentures actually go a long way toward protecting your jawbone more than other options ever could.

If you could use a whole new smile, then All-on-4 implants are definitely worth looking into. Not only do they look great when installed, but you’ll get to enjoy all the above options and many more.


Invisalign – The Pros & Cons

There has been a flurry of articles recently about the risks associated with cosmetic dentistry treatments, and our thanks go to Dr Ferakh Hamid  for the following piece on Invisalign braces which strikes us a well balanced discussion on the pluses and minuses of this treatment.

Invisalign Leeds patient

The Pros and Cons of Invisalign Braces

If you want the best smile possible, it’s essential you consider all your options. While there are more treatments  than ever before, each comes with its own pros and cons. You need to be familiar with them so that you don’t end up spending good money and lots of time using a solution that actually ends up leaving you with unsatisfactory results. One very popular method out right now is Invisalign braces—let’s take a closer look.

What Are Invisalign Braces?

Put simply, this product is meant to mimic the results you get with braces, but without being visible—hence the name. They’re for people who want straight teeth without all the hardware showing. Over the past five years or so, they’ve steadily grown in popularity too.

Let’s now look at the pros and cons of using Invisalign braces.

Practically Invisible

Like we just mentioned, no one wants to advertise that they’re having dental work done. Most of us associate a certain stigma with being an adult and needing a product like braces, which we generally think is something to give up as teenagers.

Whether or not this is fair, with Invisalign braces, you don’t have to worry that anyone is thinking it about you. They have see-through bodies that are made of a flexible form of plastic .Up close, people may be able to tell, but Invisalign braces are so unobtrusive that it won’t be something you’ll get embarrassed about.

You Can Take Them Out

Invisalign braces must be worn throughout the day for no less than 22 hours. However, you are permitted to take them out for the remaining two hours you have left, which is something s a great relief. With traditional braces, you never get a rest from them. Not only do they have to stay in, but you couldn’t take them out if you wanted to.

With Invisalign braces, you’ll mostly just be taking them out so that you can eat, but it can still make a big difference and help ease the discomfort that usually comes from wearing dental hardware.

They Get the Job Done

Make no mistake, despite the fact that Invisalign braces definitely make life a lot easier for the wearer, they still do a great job of realigning teeth exactly as you’d want. While there are some types of dental problems they won’t be good for fixing, those of us who just want our teeth straightened or better aligned will not be disappointed by what this popular product can do.


However, this is probably a good time to bring up these specific limitations. Invisalign braces will not be much good at turning teeth back once they’ve reached a certain angle in your mouth. A dentist will be the final judge, but there are definitely some dental problems that only traditional braces can really address successfully.


Invisalign braces can be quite expensive too. You have to remember that these are considered an elective procedure, so your insurance won’t be pitching in for them either. This means you’ll be paying for everything on your own. Compared to traditional braces, they’re definitely the more expensive option.

Regular Upkeep

You’ll need to return to your dentist’s office every two weeks to get an updated Invisalign insert. This is how they continuously bring your teeth closer together. With traditional braces, you usually only have to see an orthodontist once or twice a year, but that’s not the case with this specific kind.

Getting straighter teeth is easier than ever before thanks to Invisalign braces. However, it’s important to consider both the pros and the cons before you invest any time or money in this option.


Botox or not to Botox – That is the question

Botox Injections

Botox, also known as Botulinum toxin, is a neurotoxin and a protein that is made by Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium botulinum is a bacterium that creates this lethal toxin in Botox injections for cosmetic purposes. In the 1950, medical professionals discovered that by injecting small amounts of this toxin into overly active muscles caused a paralyzing effect on the muscle itself, freezing it into place and weakening the muscle over time. Now days, Botox is a common cosmetic procedure that is performed upwards of 6.3 million times per year in the United States by numerous plastic surgeons. The reason for the large number of procedures performed is due to the cosmetic effect that it takes against wrinkles and the ability for the effects to last between 4 to 6 months before another treatment is needed.

Other Cosmetic Applications of Botox Injections

There are many other cosmetic uses for Botox injections that in use today, such as treatment of spasms. Other conditions that are treated with Botox include cervical dystonia, strabismus, migraines, bruxism, and much more. There are even some stranger uses for Botox in the medical field that have been approved by the FDA that many are not aware of such as pediatric incontinence, palsy, wound healing, vocal cord dysfunction, and allergic rhinitis to name a few. While these uses are strange, they are treated much more often than most people think.

Risks and Side Effects of Botox

Your doctor will inform you of all the risks of Botox use for medical and cosmetic reasons, however if you are looking into Botox injections because you are interested in receiving them for the first time, here are a few of the risks and side effects that you will need to look out for after your injections. You may experience problems breathing, speaking, or swallowing after your injections, this is due to the weakening of the muscles and these issues can last up to several months after your procedure. There is also a possibility that you will experience effects from the spread of the toxin such as blurred vision, hoarseness, double vision, and other troublesome side effects. Due to the possibility of this, it is highly recommended that you avoid driving and operating machinery of any kind for safety reasons. You may also run a risk of a severe or immediate allergic reaction to the injections which will include rash, itching, red welts, and even wheezing and asthma like symptoms. If this occurs, contact a medical professional immediately.

Special Precautions

If are seriously considering having Botox injections performed, be sure to tell your doctor everything and about as much of your medical history as possible to ensure your safety. If you have any muscle or nerve conditions, your doctor will need to know to assess your risk of complications with the injections. This also goes for other medical conditions that you may have including medications you are prescribed to ensure there are no adverse reactions that may be possible with this procedure.


While there are many risks and side effects that are possible from Botox injections, there have only been 28 deaths caused by the use of Botox from 1989 to 2003. None of these deaths were ever linked to cosmetic uses of Botox injections, however in 2008 the FDA did link to a few deaths, adverse side effects, and even symptoms that can only be described as botulism like. None of these cases were linked to cosmetic Botox injections either, but plastic surgeons and others who perform Botox injections for cosmetic reasons ensure they are careful and that you have as few risks and complications as possible.


While there will always be some risk to receiving Botox injections, working closely with your doctors and cosmetic surgeons to identify any possible risks caused by the injections is your best defense. If there are any risks for you during the procedure, your cosmetic medical professional will advise you of all potential risks and ensure that you are still comfortable with the procedure before going through with the injections. As long as your doctor has all of the facts about your medical history, allergens, and past medical conditions including current medications, your procedure should be done with as few side effects as possible.